The acute myocardial infarction (AMI), frequently known as heart attack, occurs when the blood flow to a part of the heart muscle stops or decreases, causing damage. Symptoms include a feeling of heartburn, cold sweats, feeling faint, nausea, feeling tired, shortness of breath and discomfort to the jaw, back, neck, shoulder or arm. Chest pain in the center or on the left side may last more than a few minutes. A heart attack can cause heart failure .
Medicinal cannabis and heart attack
The scientific literature has reported on the possible relationship between cannabis use and cardiovascular events in older people with coronary heart disease and tachycardia at rest.
In addition, the risk of heart attack increased approximately five times after one hour of cannabis smoking compared to a period of not smoking it.
A multi-variant analysis study revealed that cannabis use was associated with a 3-8% increase in the risk of acute development of myocardial infarction. However, the two main cannabinoids contained in the medicinal cannabis plant, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), have agonist effects on the cardiovascular system (in the heart isolated from the body of an animal).
THC decreases contraction force and coronary flow, and at the same time induces an increase in frequency, while CBD increases head strength and coronary flow simultaneously, but does not change heart rate. These effects prevail when CBD is administered together with THC. However, additional research is needed to establish if a similar response to CBD would be possible in humans.
In 2018 a new study was conducted on the impact of medicinal cannabis use on short-term outcomes after a heart attack. Between 1994 and 2013, hospital records of patients with myocardial infarction were compared in eight states of the United States. In addition, clinical data and profiles of patients with and without cannabis use were compared.
The results showed that the consumption of medicinal cannabis reduced post-AMI mortality and was not associated with an increased risk of adverse effects in the short term after the heart attack. One possible explanation for this reduction in mortality in this study is that taking medicinal cannabis may have a preventive effect of AMI. In addition, it turned out that: cannabis reduced mortality, but consumers have an increased risk of mechanical ventilation after a heart attack.
Based on these results, it is clear that cannabis is not associated with an increased risk, thus contradicting the hypothesis that it causes adverse effects after a heart attack.
With regard to the spread of medicinal cannabis use and the results, it seems likely that further studies should be carried out to further explore this discovery and determine the ways in which the use of cannabinoids may be associated with better and less negative results after a heart attack.
Did you like this post? Make an assessment. This post has been made based on existing research until the date of publication of the article. Due to the increase of studies around medical cannabis, the information exposed may vary over time and we will inform in subsequent writings.
 What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease? " www.nhlbi.nih.gov. September 29, 2014. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015
 Desai, R., et alt (2017). Recreational Marijuana Use and Acute Myocardial Infarction: Insights from Nationwide Inpatient Sample in the United States. Cureus.doi: 10.7759 / cureus.1816
 Trouve R, Nahas G, Stuker O, et al. [Antagonistic effects of two natural cannabinoids on the isolated heart]. C R Seances Acad Sci III. 1983; 297: 191-194
 Johnson-Sasso, C. P., Tompkins, C., Kao, D. P., & Walker, L. A. (2018). Marijuana use and short-term outcomes in patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction. PLOS ONE, 13 (7), e0199705.doi: 10.1371 / journal.pone.0199705
Here’s what you need to know before seeing your local medical dispensary:You will require a physician’s recommendation, medical cannabis certificate, and/or whatever appropriate documentation is needed by your condition. Ordinarily, you must be 18 or older to be eligible for a medical authorization, but exceptions could be made in some states for minors with particularly debilitating conditions. You will often enroll with a medicinal dispensary. This is to maintain your medical cannabis recommendation or certificate on file for regulatory and legal purposes. There will be a waiting room. This will be to control the circulation of product and patients, but a straightforward dividing wall also gives patients solitude and direct one-on-one contact using a budtender to discuss medical issues. Many times, but not always, your purchases will be monitored by medical dispensaries. This process can assist budtenders and patients monitor effective medicine as well as possess a living record of producers and goods for future reference and follow-up. Medicinal dispensaries usually allow you to smell and examine the buds before purchase. This might vary from state-to-state.
DOES AN APPLICANT NEED MUNICIPAL APPROVAL BEFORE RECEIVING A RETAIL CANNABIS LICENSE? Yes, municipal approval is necessary prior to the AGLC will subject a retail cannabis license. Applicants must get in contact with their intended municipality to learn requirements concerning municipal retail cannabis legislation, zoning requirements, land-use limitations, and location requirements concerning how near a retail shop can be to a provincial medical care facility, college, or parcel of land designated as a school book.
Keep non-medical cannabis legal Adults that are 19 years or older are in a position to:Possess up to 30 gram of legal dried cannabis or the equivalent in their own person. Share up to 30 gram of legal cannabis along with other adults in Canada. Buy cannabis goods from a Yukon Liquor Corporation licensed retailer. Grow up to four plants per family. It is illegal to provide non invasive cannabis to anyone under the age of 19 and also for anyone under the age of 19 to have any amount of non-medical cannabis in Yukon.It is dangerous and illegal to drive while under the influence of cannabis or other intoxicants.